The industrial sector of Indonesia has been contributing to its overall economic growth, regardless of the upward momentum of its production in terms of volume and value in the past few years. Government incentives to investors, favorable business environment, significant improvement in technologies and skilled manpower are among the factors that encourage the expansion of the industrial sector. In particular, the plastics industry in Indonesia is exhibiting sustained growth in the next few years owing to rising demand spurred by increase in consumer expenditure.
With its huge population of 277 million, Indonesia has become an attractive consumer market and given the fast-paced changing lifestyles of buyers with higher disposable income, manufacturers are focused on meeting the requirements by building their production capabilities. Indonesia’s plastics market size was valued at US$8.63 billion in 2022 and is likely to each US$ 14.58 billion by 2031, expanding at a CAGR of 6% during the forecast period 2023–2031, according to the projection by Growth Market Reports. Several important industries are crucial to Indonesia’s plastics industry – packaging, automotive and medical are experiencing rapid development.
Packaging sector takes major leaps towards circular economy
Indonesia’s packaging industry remains the major application of plastics. A report of Global Data states that the country’s packaging market size, valued at 151.3 billion units in 2022, is poised to register a CAGR of more than 3% during the period 2022-2027 with flexible packaging segment dominating the market share until 2027.
From a linear model, Indonesia’s packaging industry is fast moving towards a circular economy. This has been made more pronounced by the investments of leading companies into areas that will reduce, recycle and re-use plastics. As an economy battling huge plastic waste stockpile reaching 18.99 million tons per year based on Environment and Forestry Ministry data, Indonesia has placed circular economy as its main focus by implementing Golden Indonesia Vision 2045 which is the long-term national development plan. Thus, the utilization of recycled materials has become the goal of many Indonesian companies that plan to go through the route of circular economy route. This has brought huge opportunities to companies supplying advanced recycling solutions and sustainable materials. This has also opened new horizons to both Indonesian and foreign companies operating in Indonesia that a number of significant ventures into plastics manufacturing has been launched in the country’s various industrial centers.
Coca-Cola in Indonesia has launched its new packaging made by 100% recycled PET (rPET), excluding caps and labels, in line with the vision of World Without Waste. Coca-Cola operates a recycling plant, Amandina Bumi Nusantara, located in Cikarang. The recycling plant, with capacity of 25,000 tons of PET per year, is a partnership between Coca-Cola Europacific Partners Indonesia and Dynapack Asia. The production of bottles with 100% rPET content aims to accelerate the goal of reducing the use of conventional plastics and lowering carbon emissions.
Another development is the signing of the partnership agreement between Indonesian plastic recycler, Pan Era Group, and Milliken & Company which represents another milestone in the industry. The partnership combines Pan Era Group’s expertise in the collection and production of recycled PP plastic resin with Milliken’s additive technology solutions. Pan Era Group and Milliken will collaborate to promote a circular economy in Indonesia by utilizing Pan Era Group’s extensive local collection network to collect plastic waste and coupled with Milliken’s material science technology to produce recycled polypropylene resin. Further, this collaboration aims to improve the performance of transparent recycled PP resin and increase its market presence.
Investments in materials for the packaging industry continue to pour into Indonesia, stressing its major role in the ASEAN region’s broad consumer market. BASF invested in the capacity expansion of polymer dispersions at its production site in Merak, Indonesia. The expansion is in line with the growing trend of high-quality packaging in ASEAN. It aims to bringing additional supply to fulfill the growing demand for acrylics and styrene-butadiene dispersions in the Southeast Asia, Australia, and New Zealand markets. With proximity to the supply of key raw materials and the flexibility of producing both acrylic and styrene-butadiene dispersions, Merak is a crucial supply point to ensure stable production of paper coatings.
CJ BIO, a division of South Korea-based CJ CheilJedang, is now manufacturing polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) at its facility located in Pasuruan, Indonesia. CJ BIO uses its facility to enter the biomaterials sector with the goal of creating opportunities to reduce the impact of manufactured plastics on the environment. The facility has a rated capacity of 5,000 metric tons and focuses exclusively on manufacturing ‘amorphous’ PHAs (a-PHAs). Amorphous PHA is a softer, more rubbery (low glass transition temperature (Tg)) version of PHA that offers fundamentally different performance opportunities from crystalline or semi-crystalline forms of PHA. This material will impose immediate use as a modifier to other polymers and biopolymers to improve functional characteristics and biodegradability, enabling ‘cradle-to-grave’ solutions for the broad range of markets that generate plastic waste.
At Chinaplas 2024, Indonesian plastics manufacturers will witness a full range of new materials and high-tech processes to enable them to further enhance their production efficiency and profitability in the wake of fast-changing consumer preferences. The mega exhibition highlights the most advanced packaging technologies and environmental friendly materials to support the move towards a circular economy. A broad range of machinery, equipment and engineering plastics is also on exhibit to promote the development of the automotive industry.